Educated people are the basic edifice block of any civilised society. Any outgo on instruction by a authorities should be seen as an investing for the hereafter of the state.In modern clip, the instruction is divided into two chief watercourses i.e. General Education and Professional 1. While general instruction necessary up to a certain degree to understand the rules of society, the professional instruction is a must to work in a definite mode as per the demand of peculiar profession.
Historical Aspects: If this is accepted that instruction is a clip intensive activity and can be done in formal and non formal ways than Mecca and Medina appear to be the oldest educational centres of the instructions of Islam. In 1932 when Saudi Arabia became a state the instruction was mostly a set of instructions from assorted Islamic Schools. These instructions were chiefly based on the instructions of Quran.This type of instruction was limited to really few people.
MODERN CONCEPT: At present the instruction is available to all the citizens of land but merely 61 per centums of all the kids attend the schools as the instruction is non mandatory.The Government of Saudi Arabia has Launched a plan to reform and overhaul the instruction system of land. In Saudi Arabia following three bureaus are responsible for supplying instruction:
1 ) Ministry of Education
2 ) The ministry of Higher Education and
( 3 ) The General Organization for proficient Education and Vocational preparation ( GOTEVT ) .
This is the phase of non formal instruction, besides called as pre primary instruction. It is for the kids of 3 to 5 old ages age group.Kindergarten phase is non mandatory for admittance to the primary phase of schooling. However the Government gives fiscal and proficient aid to set up such installations which are called as baby’s rooms. Harmonizing to the informations of twelvemonth 2007 there were 100,714 kids acquiring this type of no formal instruction. Out of these kindergarten pupils 51,364 were males and 49,350 were females.The gross registration ratio for male childs and misss was 11.1 per centum and 10.4 per centum severally with that of all kids ( male childs and misss combined ) being 10.8 per centum.
Primary Education: –
Time period prescribed for primary instruction in Saudi Arabia is six old ages with the age of entry being six old ages in the first class.All primary schools are twenty-four hours schools. There is no coeducation system and the male childs and miss schools are separate from each other. The kids are given Elementary Education certification after go throughing the class 6 of primary instruction in order to acquire entry to Intermediate instruction. In 2007 there were 1,255,117 male and 1,187,365 female pupils ( Entire 2,442,482 ) harmonizing to the authorities informations. UNESCO has estimated that a gross registration ratio for male child was 99.9 per centum in 2007 while that for misss was a small less being 96.3 per centum. A gross registration ratio was 98.1 per centum for all the kids.
Intermediate Education: –
The clip span of Intermediate instruction in Saudi Arabia is three old ages. In 2007 there were 609,300 male and 535,248 female pupils at the degree of intermediate degree of instruction. The entire strength of all the pupils was 1,144,548. The figure of instructors was 108,065, out of which 54,034 were males, and 54031 were females. A gross registration rate for sum was estimated to be 95.9 per centum in 2007
Secondary instruction in Saudi Arabia consists of two separate watercourses i.e. general and specialised. This is the concluding phase of general instruction with a clip span of three old ages. After the intermediate instruction, pupils have the chance for both general and specialised secondary instruction. The specialised preparation plans, excessively ; lasts three old ages in the countries of industry, commercialism and agribusiness. In 2007 there were 541,849 males and 471,225 females ( entire 1,013,074 ) enrolled at this degree of instruction. The figure of instructors was 41,108 males and 46,715 females numbering 87,823 in that twelvemonth. ( Saudi Arabia Secondary Education )
Higher instruction in Saudi Arabia is supervised by the Ministry of higher Education and follows the form of USA. This ministry was established in 1975 with a position to modulate the higher instruction in Saudi Arabia and developing long term programs for the same. Higher instruction takes four old ages for graduation in the field of humanistic disciplines and societal scientific disciplines and five to six old ages in proficient Fieldss like medical specialty, technology and pharmaceutics. King Saud University established in 1957 was the first measure towards the modern higher instruction in the state. This was the first university in full Arab universe. Soon this university accommodates more than 50,000 pupils. Apart from King Saud University there are 24 authorities universities in Saudi Arabia. Some institutes provide university degree instruction in specialised Fieldss there are many private colleges and establishments and community colleges, affiliated to these universities. There is a proviso of distance acquisition in some colleges and sections.
Table: Situation of Higher Education in Saudi Arabia ( 2006 )
Students Enrolled For Male Female Total
Bachelor Program 187,489 340,657 528,146
Maestro plan 5551 4,217 9,768
PhD 1,293 1,117 2,410
Intermediate Diploma Courses 72,199 21,769 93,968
Higher Diploma Courses 1,548 405 1953
Overall 636,245 ( 268,080 male and 368,165 female ) pupils were enrolled in higher instruction in 2006.
In 1960 a separate disposal for girl instruction was established and since so there is a uninterrupted rise in the figure of female pupils. However certain watercourses are still prohibited for them like technology, architecture and news media act. Although adult females are prohibited to make pattern in tribunals the first batch of female jurisprudence graduates has passed in 2008.The purpose of the authorities is to let them to help female clients in tribunals. The figure of miss schools has increased at a faster gait than that of boys schools as the authorities is paying more attending to girlsaa‚¬a„? instruction. Consequently the gross registration rate for female has risen to 36.1 per centum against gross registration rate for male which is 24.7 per centum. Gross registration rate for sum ( both male and female ) was 30.2 per centum in 2006.The high general degree of female instruction in the state is reflected by the presence of a really high figure of female professors in the state. Saudi Arabia provides worldaa‚¬a„?s largest scholarship plan to its female pupils to gain doctorate grade from western universities. Nora Bint Abdullah al-Fayez, a US-educated former instructor has been appointed as deputy instruction curate in charge of a new section for female pupils
Private instruction institutes supplement the instruction system of Saudi Arabia at all the degrees. The nodal authorization to oversee the private educational institutes is Ministry of Education. The authorities provides non merely the fiscal aid to these schools but besides the free text books. UNESCO figures of 2007 show the inside informations of part of these private establishments. ( MOHE )
Table: Percentage of Students in Private School/Institutions
Stage/ Education Program Percentage of Students
in Private School/ Institution
Pre Primary 48.9 %
Primary 8.2 %
Intermediate ( General Program ) 6.4 %
Intermediate ( Technical & A ; Vocational ) 70.3 %
Secondary Education ( General Program ) 3.4 %
Secondary Education ( Technical & A ; Vocational ) 61.6 %
TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION:
Technical and vocational instruction is a critical and highly of import portion of the Saudi educational system. The purpose of proficient and vocational instruction is to upgrade proficient accomplishments, addition productiveness, and enable the state to maintain gait with globally altering technological developments. This promotes economic and societal stableness, maintains higher criterion of lifes every bit good as protects Islamic values. GOTEVT is the authorities authorization to regulate this instruction. In Saudi Arabia vocational and proficient instruction is divided in three phases:
( 1 ) Secondary,
( 2 ) Junior college ( intermediate proficient colleges ) , and
( 3 ) College ( higher proficient institutes ) degrees.
The authorities provides benefits for pupils enrolled in these plans. Secondary institute alumnuss can acquire loans to get down their ain concern. Persons with higher makings may travel to different colleges as module members. A instruction allowance called as stipend is given to all alumnuss choosing for learning.
Requirements for Admission to a Secondary Technical Plan are:
( 1 ) A good behaviour certification from the last school attended,
( 2 ) Passing a medical scrutiny,
( 3 ) Saudi citizenship, and
( 4 ) An Intermediate School Certificate. Curricula of plans differ from trade to merchandise in electronics, mechanical, electrical, oil and minerals, and auto/engine engineering.
A four-year plan of survey taking to a Bachelor of Science grade in Technology Engineering is offered by Junior College of Technology in Riyadh. There are Colleges of Technology at Jeddah, Dammam, and Buraidah where the pupils are offered to analyze in the Fieldss of mechanical, electrical, electronic and auto/engine engineering. These classs are besides offered by two new junior colleges at Abha and Al-Ahsa along with commercialism and direction classs.
Requirements for Admission to Junior Colleges: A campaigner aspiring to analyze in a proficient college must carry through the undermentioned demands:
( 1 ) Saudi citizenship ; non-Saudis may be given permission under particular fortunes
( 2 ) GOTEVT Secondary Institute, Secondary School Scientific Section, or Secondary School Liberal Arts Certificate.
( 3 ) At least a good class in old scrutiny.
( 4 ) Applicants must go through a medical test
( 5 ) Personal interview
( 6 ) have a good behaviour certification from the last school attended,
( 7 ) Enroll as full-time pupils
( 8 ) In the4 instance of a spread of clip transcending three or more old ages since a secondary certification was issued, trainees must go through a written scrutiny given by the college commission.
The Higher Technical Institute: Capital of saudi arabia: This institute runs two- and three-year preparation plans for teachers needed to staff secondary industrial institutes and vocational preparation centres. There is a annual plan for alumnuss of College of Technology.This making is indispensable to learn at secondary industrial institutes, vocational centres, or colleges of engineering. ( Education in Saudi )
KING ABDULLAH SCHOLAR SHIP PROGRAMME:
Saudi Government with an estimated cost of SR9 billion has started this programme and it will be implemented over the following six old ages. The purpose of this undertaking is to develop a extremely skilled and motivated work force in the hereafter in conformity of the demand of the Kingdom. This end is to be achieved by assisting the Saudi pupils to get high criterion of accomplishments in academic and professional Fieldss. This plan will be supervised by Crown Prince Sultan with the aid of a ministerial commission. This scholarship is provided for the intent of survey in USA, UK, Canada, Australia, India, Malaysia China and other states. The Core of this plan is to make hi-tech work force in the Fieldss of medical scientific disciplines, computing machine applications, technology, disposal, and finance etc. Up to March 2011, 106065 pupils have been provided this scholarship
Decision: Although the roots of instruction in Saudi Arabia go as far back as the history of Islam, the modern construct of instruction is comparatively new for this state. But within a short span of less than hundred old ages Saudi Arabia has written the narrative of its success in all Fieldss of instruction At present the spectrum of instruction in Saudi Arabia spreads from the unwritten recitation of Islamic Teachings to modern sociology, commercialism, scientific discipline and engineering, medical specialty jurisprudence etc. There is particular accent on girl instruction and proficient to maintain gait with globally altering educational environment.