We decided to travel to Kampung Singai on 26 February 2010. Before we go at that place, we collect informations about their Kampung civilization and history. First at wholly, we get permission from the caput of the small town. Subsequently, the caput of the small town O.K. us to travel at that place do study. After that, we make some inquiry to inquire the caput of the small town when we go to the kampung. The methods that we use are interview, observation, appraising secondary analysis and roll uping informations. We made readying before heading to Kampung Singai.
We go at that place at 12 o’clock in the afternoon. We went at that place by auto and one of the villagers, named Selonn Anak Meboh is giving us way to travel at that place. We arrived the finish around one hr. The first topographic point we visited is the caput of the small town ‘s house. We make some informal interview with the caput of the small town about the Kampung Singai. The caput of the small town is really busy so he can non take us travel study the small town and the long houses. So, the villager took us to see the topographic points we wanted to travel. The villager took over the duty of the caput of the small town. The first topographic point that we visited is the long house or it can be called as civilization small town. At at that place, we make interview with the secretary, named Frank Ritchie of the civilization small town. He gave us much relevant information about the civilization small town. We besides took some exposure from at that place. The secretary besides took us to see the civilization small town. He explained briefly about the long house.
After sing the civilization small town, we went to the villagers ‘ farm to take some exposure and detect the farm. We besides interview the individual who take us travel at that place and the villagers. We got much relevant information at at that place. After that, we headed to the small town that villagers stay. At at that place, we took out the inquiries that we had prepared and made informal interview with the villagers at that place.
After we had collected plenty informations about the small town, we went back to UNIMAS at about seven o’clock at dark.
We do this research because we want to persue involvement and larn something new about the small town. Besides that, we can better the job work outing accomplishments and understand more deep about the small town civilization. We besides can dispute ourself and understand the new civilization.
Background and location Kampung Singai:
Kampung Singai is situated in the Bau territory of Kuching Division, Sarawak, known as First Division during the period under treatment. It about 562 meters above sea degree. Kampung Singai consisted of 12 separate small towns that are Apar, Giang, Daun, Tuban, Tubon, Saga, Sajuong, Moti, Somu, Puot and so on. The colony lay about halfway up Mt. Singai. The small towns consisted mostly of longhouses built on spots of level land or soft inclines. As the group of 12 small towns were referred to as Singai, the people called themselves Bisingai in general.
The small town ‘s cultural in Kampung Singai most of them is Bidayuh. The term “ Bidayuh ” was non in common usage at this clip, and when mentioning to themselves as a larger group, the term “ Daya ” was preferred. The last raja is Nyorah Anak Kapas ( Babai Jorai ) . He was the overall leader of the 12 villages Singai on the mountain. Like his non excessively distant predecessors, he was officially known every bit Raja as good. His immediate replacement, Durian Anak Nyangu was officially every bit good as locally known as Orang Kaya Pemance. With altering Government, Durin ‘s immediate and all subsequent replacements, viz. Philip Juin, Michael Ruda and Sabestian Desson were leaders down the mountain colony, after the forsaking of the old small towns.
The Unique of the Long House or Culture Village:
All the houses were supported on unit of ammunition taas ( rose chestnut or belian ) poles. Many of the taas poles were more than 7 meters long, and about 10 centimeters in diameter. The taas poles made a strong foundation for the long houses, as they were plentiful in figure and ne’er in the history of the long houses did one prostration even when crowded with people during Gawai festivals. The roofing of the houses was about all of thatched sago leaves. Sago thenars were abundant at all the paya ( rice-growing countries ) in the foothills and beyond. The entryway to the long houses was necessarily through its door on the higher side of the incline. The long house was a stretch of unfastened common corridor or awah, away which was the entryway to each household unit or romin. The floor of the awah was ever made of toring ( disconnected elephantine bamboo ) . One piece of bamboo could be split into four pieces. After dried for a hebdomad, it could last for more than ten old ages. The awah was used during Gawai festivals. The awah was besides used to hive away extra firewood and rice Paddy was pounded at that place. Outside the wall of the awah was the tanju, an unfastened country used for the twelvemonth terminal major Gawai festivals. Tanju needed to be constructed merely when the long houses was traveling to observe the Gawai festivals.
The size of the long houses room or romin was about 12 and half meters by six meters and was divided into assorted subdivisions. On one side of the pinutuob or entryway corridor was a kitchen storage country known as pawad. On the other side was the situok ( toilet ) and the abuh or hearth for cookery, with a supply of firewood on a rack above it. The romin were all connected and there was a strong sense of long houses community spirit, at the same clip the household unit was self-contained and there was privateness and individualism.
An intermediate romin had merely one window gap in the roof above the akat. This types of window called a koman, and was opened by forcing it outwards and shore uping it in topographic point with a piece of bamboo. The koman was really seldom opened at dark as a affair of tradition, as the people feared that evil liquors might enter through it. The corner romin at each terminal of the long house had the advantage of holding two other koman on the walls every bit good as a koman akat. Each kampung was required to hold a baruk, a unit of ammunition construction with a conelike roof. The diameters of the baruk would be around 12 and half meters, and the tallness, including the supporting piles, approximately nine meters. There was ever a hearth in the Centre.
Ecomony in Kampung Singai:
The portion clip occupation of the Bidayuh is farming. The harvest they grow normally use by their ain nutrient and non for sale. There are three footings for rice are padi when it is turning in the field and before it has been husked, boras after it has been husked, and tubi after it has been cooked. The Bidayuh treated ( and still handle ) rice with regard, for fright that the following crop would be a hapless one. They respected rice as if it had a life and a psyche. For illustration, any remnant of rice from a home base after a repast could non merely be tossed off. The Bidayuh usually stored their boras or husked rice in earthenware jars. These jars were ne’er allowed to go wholly empty of rice for fright of back fortune, the bad fortune attesting itself in a hapless crop.