Indian civilisation has survived-through the ages despite impermanent reverses. Since the earliest times. Indian civilisation has marched with common aims of civilization and society. In early yearss. great emperors like Ashoka unified the state and its civilisation and knit ft unit of ammunition a common civilization from one terminal of the state to the other. During and after the Hindu period and subsequently by the spread of Buddhism in whole of Asia. Indian civilization and civilisation got a farther drift. It brought about integrating among different categories of people and common ideological and political thought. The religious content of Buddhism spread through the state and brought a unusual Renaissance in the Indian societal set-up. After the fourteenth century. the impact of the Muslim civilization penetrated into the Indian civilisation and created a plural societal construction without. nevertheless. impairing the units of the state. The Mughals when they came to power besides tried to convey the whole state under one array.
The reaching of the British in India started a new chapter in India’s history. Always taking at spliting the people so as to govern themselves. they launched a figure of disintegrating steps to litter away the common points among assorted faiths. communities and categories in the state. The British regulation. nevertheless. provided one common economic system to the state although the British did their best to split the people socially and economically in order to retain their domination. The most of import individual factor which brought integrity in the Indian cloth was political battle for independency from the British regulation. The great personages who founded the Indian National Congress to contend out the British and to achieve political independency for the state brought to one platform varying involvements. communities and subdivisions of society. The national image came to prominence with the national motion which provided a focal point for the developed feeling of nationalism.
The English linguistic communication. although foreigner to the spirit of the state. brought educated categories of assorted communities to one platform and made them fight shoulder to shoulder against the mighty British. By the terminal of the nineteenth century. the feeling of the Indian integrity became rooted in the heads of all Indians. The reaching of Mahatma Gandhi on the Indian scene started yet another chapter in Indian history. Mahatma Gandhi brought the gift of a non-violent motion as a new arm to the national battle of India. Under the fortunes of the times. this method proved extremely efficacious and brought the British under political and moral force per unit area of the times and made them to bow At the 11th hr. nevertheless. certain reactionist elements in the state exploited the state of affairs created by the British policy of ‘divide and rule’ and demanded the divider of the state. harmonizing to the communal ratios and bulks predominating in assorted parts of the state.
In order to avoid excessively much bloodshed. Mahatma Gandhi and other national leaders agreed to the divider. even though it was based on the ever-condemned two-nation theory. Ever since independency. India has adopted a secular fundamental law and given birth to a state based on the rules of equal rights to all its citizens. irrespective of caste. creed faith or sex. The Constitution has provided fullest freedom to all faiths in affairs of worship. imposts. etc. . and protected them in every manner. As a secular democracy. India is processing on the way of advancement in all spheres—economic. political. societal and cultural. In order to supply and promote national integrating in India. the Government office India has taken legion stairss which are deserving adverting. It has provided a national programme of instruction on secular lines and encouraged the development of national establishment and policies. Through assorted media of instruction like the wireless. the film and the T. V. . it has provided for emotional integrating of the people as one state and encouraged them to believe as one people. Equality of rights in assorted domains has provided the people with common involvements and enabled them to work and come on side by side without thought of the narrow involvements.
The five-year programs of economic development have contributed to the elevation of criterions of people without respect to community. caste and credo. The category differentiations of the people have broadened out to economic differentiations from those of faith. community or caste. The art and civilization of the state is besides being developed on chauvinistic lines. There is besides due attempt to develop a national linguistic communication. although its infliction is being avoided for the clip being in order to avoid struggles of regional lingual involvements. The film. which is one of the most of import agencies of diversion for the common adult male in India. is supplying a unvarying all-India form of art and civilization to the whole state. therefore lending to emotional integrating. Let us trust the motion of national integrating now in gesture goes faster and achieves the coveted object of adhering assorted communities and subdivisions of the Indian society to a common manner of thought. without impairing the local and the regional humanistic disciplines and civilizations. which should be allowed to boom within the overall form of national art and civilization.