PSO is the market leader in Pakistan ‘s energy sector. It ‘s a public sector company with the authorities portions of 25 % . The company has the largest web of retail mercantile establishments to function the automotive sector and is the major fuel provider to air power, railroads, power undertakings, armed forces and agribusiness sector. PSO besides provides Jet Fuel to Refueling Facilities at 9 airdromes in Pakistan and ship fuel at 3 ports. The company takes pride in go oning the tradition of excellence and is to the full committed to run into the energy demands of today and lifting challenges of tomorrow.
Pakistan State Oil is presently engaged in storage, distribution and selling of assorted POL merchandises. The company ‘s current market portion of 82.3 % in the black oil market and 59.4 % portion in the white oil market, entirely speak volumes about its success.
From 1999 to 2008, PSO have undergone extremist alterations, both internal and external and has emerged as a market leader with a long term vision. The company is the lone public sector entity in Pakistan that has been viing efficaciously with three multinationals ( shell, Caltex and Total ) which are supported technically by their parent organisations.
PSO have a really organized HR section. They have developed it as their competitory advantage. They have a really big HR section, which is divided into following sub sections.
Training and development
Recruitment and arrangement
HR board for sequence planning
PSO ‘S VISION
hypertext transfer protocol: //psopk.com/about_us/images/vision_pic.jpg
To stand out in presenting value to clients as an advanced and dynamic energy company that gets to the hereafter foremost.
PSO ‘S MISSION
hypertext transfer protocol: //psopk.com/about_us/images/mission_pic.jpg
We are committed to leading in energy market through competitory advantage in supplying the highest quality crude oil merchandises and services to our clients, based on:
hypertext transfer protocol: //psopk.com/images/bullet.gif
Professionally trained, high quality, motivated work force, working as a squad in an environment, which recognizes and wagess public presentation, invention and creativeness, and provides for personal growing and development
hypertext transfer protocol: //psopk.com/images/bullet.gif
Lowest cost operations and assured entree to long-run and cost effectual supply beginnings
hypertext transfer protocol: //psopk.com/images/bullet.gif
Sustained growing in net incomes in existent footings
hypertext transfer protocol: //psopk.com/images/bullet.gif
Highly ethical, safe environment friendly and socially responsible concern patterns
PSO ‘S VALUES
We believe that excellence in our nucleus activities emerges from a passion for fulfilling our clients ‘ demands in footings of entire quality direction. Our first end is to retain our corporate leading. A We endeavor to accomplish higher collective and single ends through squad. This is inculcated in the organisation through effectual communicating. A We are an Equal Opportunity Employer pulling and enrolling the finest people from around the state. We value part of persons and squads. Individual parts are recognized through our wages and acknowledgment plan. We uphold our values and Business Ethics rules in every action and determination. Professional and personal honestness, dedication and committedness are the landmarks of our success. Open and crystalline concern patterns are based on ethical values and regard for employees, communities and the environment. A We are committed to uninterrupted betterment, both in New Product and Processes every bit good as those bing already. We encourage Creative Ideas from all stakeholders. We promote Health, Safety and Environment Culture both internally and externally. We emphasize on Community Development and aspire to do society a better topographic point to populate in.
STRATEGIC HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN STATE OIL
Equally far as corporate scheme is concerned so PSO is holding the scheme of variegation and perpendicular integrating. PSO has the highest market portion and it is the prima oil selling company in Pakistan. PSO caters a broad assortment of different types of clients. A PSO client ranges from retail consumers, different industrial units, air power and Marine sector of the state. PSO has a web of 3612 retail mercantile establishments in order to carry through the demand of their clients. PSO has a portion of over 80 % in furnace oil sector and it entirely serve to independent power undertakings along with functioning KESC and WAPDA.
PSO supplies fuel to all industrial sector of Pakistan such as industrial, fabric, cement, conveyance and agribusiness sector. PSO besides provide jet fuels and it has refueling installations in more than 9 airdromes. PSO besides provide fuel to many transporting ports of the state ranges from Karachi port, korangi fishing and seaport & A ; port Qasim.
PSO manages different concerns which are given as follows:
Non fuel retail
BUSINESS UNIT STRATEGY
PSO concern unit scheme is “ MARKET LEADERSHIP ” . PSO tends to be market leader in energy sector of Pakistan.PSO is presently runing distribution selling and storage of different merchandises of PAKISTAN OIL petroleum.PSO current market portion is 82.3 % in black market of oil and 59.4 % in white market of oil.
PSO has a immense web of retail mercantile establishments and it serves the automotive sector
Huge grapevine web
Their hard currency flows are in million and in Brillion footings.
PSO is a major provider of fuel to railways, air power and agribusiness sector
PSO is ready to run into the challenges of tomorrow and to run into the energy demands of today.
PSO employees are around 4000
Invention is the biggest factor and engine of PSO that drives PSO frontward. It strengthened religion of client by establishing different advanced non-fuel enterprises at its retail mercantile establishment. Like car auto wash service which is called WASH EXPRESS and convenience shops named “ SHOP STOPS ” .
Oil logistics and distribution
PSO believes that human resource is the most valuable resource for their organisation so hence they have really employee friendly policies. The chief subject of their human resource is as follows
See human resource as the lone resource which appreciates the transition of clip.
Employee right individual at the right place.
Align organisation with all the modern-day concern patterns.
Make the HR more flexible and more antiphonal.
Handle human resource with the maximal attention and equity.
As we know that corporate environment and civilization is considered to be the personality of the organisation so for that PSO gives excess importance to their on the job environment. The tools for doing the environment more competitory company uses assorted tools which are given as follows
Cafeteria/fitness centers/ recreational activities
Leadership accomplishments are the chief accomplishments which each employee should possess which enables them to work in the most competitory environment. In PSO those employees who are ready to lend in a maximal manner are identified for the calling development.
System of reliable public presentation rating and provender back is implemented at PSO and is an built-in portion of our assessment direction
Individual public presentation is aligned with the company ‘s end and aim
Reward system is being introduced on annual footing.
Bell curve covers all direction employees one-year appraisal through a population spread
HUMAN RESOURCE PRACTICES AND THEIR IMPACTS ON PSO
RECRUITMENT AT PSO
Before enlisting for any station PSO cheques if there is any replacing or non. They ever prefer their current employees for of import managerial occupations because they think that the current employees know the company better as comparison to person else. Another ground for this internal hiring is to construct the morale of their employees as seeing the wages for their trueness and difficult work. If there is no replacing PSO checks the sanctioned strength of section. It ever takes fresh consumption of campaigners. The campaigners are interviewed. PSO takes prevue based interviews. The campaigners are asked inquiries which are related to their CV and some other regular structured inquiries.
Placement AT PSO
The competences of the campaigners are matched with the needed criterions. A trained panel interviews the call dorsums. In order to understand the employee behaviour more closely that how has reacted in some certain state of affairss behavioral based and occupation based interviews are taken. The selected campaigners are so given formal assignment missive. He is made to subscribe the connection understanding. He is kept on probation period for 1 twelvemonth after which he is given a lasting occupation. During this probation period he is trained for the occupation.
PSO have outsourced the choices trials to IBA. IBA makes the trial documents. It ‘s sort of an aptitude trial. It includes arithmetic, English and general cognition needfully. These trials are checked by IBA every bit good and the consequences are given to PSO. They so select the campaigners.
These yearss authorities has frozen the external enlisting so PSO is making occupation rotary motion and occupation enrichment for the stations. PSO is taking the advantage of this and is reengineering the HR section. They have planned to make the occupation rating of every occupation in the approaching clip. The top places have already been evaluated.
The PSO have a squad called “ Talent direction ” . This squad has the 3 chief PSO ‘s concern units caputs in it.
HR and services
Finance information and engineering
Ones with Direct describing to MD ( SECP )
This squad makes determinations for the sequence planning. Training orders are given by them every bit good. They decide who they plan to retain and advance to major occupations.
Training AND DEVELOPMENT
Training and development addition the cognition and accomplishments of employees. It increases the quality of work life. This advancement train and fix new workers to execute and accomplish its ends. It can increase the accomplishment of determination devising and job resolution. Organizations gain synergy consequence through preparation and development. Training and development makes employees more cost effectual and undertaking oriented.
Training AND DEVELOPMENT AT PSO
Training and development is really of import for PSO. Training and development plans provides to their employees to be at competitory border and develops its possible employee to enrich their knowledge.PSO besides wants to heighten their accomplishments by developing them with concern related classs available in the corporate sector.
At PSO certain types of preparation are left up to the employee. The employee assesses his strengths and failings and goes for the needed preparation. For illustration if he thinks he ca n’t pull off clip so he will travel for the preparation for clip direction. A preparation calendar is given and employees choose which countries they need to better and travel for that preparation. Training related to concern has to be taken by all the employees who are concerned with it.
HOW Training Start
At PSO Training normally starts from orientation plans to direction preparation. At PSO certain types of preparation are given to employees to heighten their accomplishments, capableness and cognition to execute the undertaking such as off the occupation preparation, on the occupation preparation and coaching plans.
OFF THE JOB Training:
Off the occupation preparation is formal developing method.PSO sends their staff for this preparation. The employees are besides sent overseas for proficient preparation. Although directing employees overseas can be dearly-won pecuniary determination but PSO wants their employee to hold the abroad exposure which can be really good for the company in the long tally.
ON THE JOB Training:
This preparation is merely given to PSO employees. This preparation is conducted at PSO house. At PSO campaigners are selected for this preparation after acquiring blessing from company.Some are compulsory for all the employees like developing related to wellness and safety etc and others are optional for illustration preparation on leading, clip direction etc.
Training and development besides arrange training plans for their employee. It includes workshops and seminars. Different training plans are held for different degrees of occupation. But the training sing wellness safety and environment are compulsory for each and every employee. Most of these workshops and seminars are conducted by the top and experient directors of the company. One of the ground of these workshops and seminars are that PSO believes in unfastened door policy so with these Sessionss employees got the opportunity to easy pass on and hold the apprehension of the top hierarchy of the company.
Such as ICAP seminars are arranged for finance section. The full employee in finance section has to go to these seminars. Punishment is given to those employees who do non go to this seminar.
ASSESMENT AND TRAINING NEED
Employee ‘s strength and failings are evaluated through public presentation assessment and formal preparation is given to employees based on their accomplishments and cognition. Training can be changing from employee to employee.
At PSO employees are motivated through occupation rotary motion because it enables employee to larn more accomplishments and use their ain accomplishment and abilities in other undertaking in this manner employee will non acquire bore with their current occupation.
Major FOCUS OF Training
wellness and safety environment
computing machine preparation for incorporate resource planning
proficient and operational focused inputs
computing machine based finance
human resource direction
labour and corporate Torahs
supply concatenation direction
PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT AND APPRAISAL AT PSO
Oil selling industry is one of the most competitory industry in Pakistan so this is the ground that PSO ever looks for mensurating and developing the public presentation of squad and single and alining them with concern aims. Performance direction entreaty procedure at PSO is an of import beginning of public presentation direction system. In this procedure issues sing struggles between employee and supervisor, doing of judgements s, disagree with determinations related to public presentation reappraisal determinations. The intent of this procedure is to decide issues and struggles between supervisor and employees and besides includes affairs related to public presentation rating.
How THIS PROCESS STARTS AT PSO:
Suppose if employee has an issue he will subject an entreaty by finishing the PERFORMANCE EVALUATION APPEAL FORM and besides supply grounds sing to the issue. Then the entreaty will send on to HR DEPARTMENT OF PSO And so HR dept: will farther send on it to HEAD OF DEPT: the entreaty must be submitted within 15 yearss after subscribing the public presentation reappraisal.
PSO have an unfastened door policy for grudge handling ; aggrieved employee can walk in any clip to discourse the issue with caput of HR.
EMPLOYEE RECOGNITION AT PSO
Employee acknowledgment policy is followed by PSO during last few old ages. The aim of employee acknowledgment is to increase morale of employees.every twelvemonth two best employees are selected for this activity based on their public presentation. This is a good platform for making an active competition among employees.
COMPENSATION AND BENEFITS
CREATING AN ATTRACTIVE COMPENSATION AND BENEFITS PACKAGE
In the past several old ages, because of engaging freezings and a larger supply of accounting campaigners, PSO did non hold to raise wages much to enroll and retain top endowment. Now that the economic system and occupation market are deriving steam, nevertheless, PSO is one time once more measuring their compensation and benefits bundles more often to avoid losing current and prospective employees to other chances.
An effectual employee inducement plan is compulsory for every concern in these yearss of high abrasion rates and a serious famine of endowment. Companies spend ample amounts on their keeping schemes, which may concentrate on a combination of ways to instill trueness among employees – compensation, preparation and calling growing being a few.
SALARY AND COMPENSATION AT PSO
COMPENSATIONS AND BENEFITS AT PSO
PSO offers competitory get downing wages and bonuses.pso offer attractive wages to its employees and supply increase in salary and wagess on the footing of their occupation public presentation
PENSIONS AND GRATUITY:
The company approved and fund pension strategy for both direction and non direction employees. The strategy provides pension based on the employees last careworn wages. Pension are collectible for life. The company besides operates unfunded tip strategy for all its employees.
The company besides provides station retirement medical benefits to its employees. PSO ‘s medical policies are considered to be the best in the state. Medical is free for the employees and their households.
Inoculation plan for employees: in acknowledgment of the importance of human resource and its wellness. PSO has an organisation a ‘vaccination plan ‘ for its employees. PSO inaugurated the plan under which the employees were vaccinates against diseases like cholera, enteric fever, hepatitis B at the PSO houses dispensary.
The company besides operates an sanctioned provident fund strategy for all its employees. Equal parts are made to the fund by the company and the employees in conformity with fund regulations.
Loans are granted for house building fix or for the purchase of land. Employees can besides avail the auto loan installation.
Wagess are given on the footing of public presentation of the employee on monthly and hebdomadal footing. These include the pecuniary wagess and besides the Points for publicity.
MILLION LITER AWARDS:
The million-liter award ceremonial was held at the PSO house. These awards were given to the traders who crossed the million-liter figure in selling the merchandises of the company. The award had been initiated to acknowledge and promote advancing the concern and services to their client.
The hadj draw was besides held at the PSO house auditorium. Seventeen members were sent to execute hadj.
PSO has a balanced relation with employees because they treat all employees as per policy. Employee relation is based on Employees ‘ Performance. Employees with good features, efficient employees, meriting and difficult working employees who give more end product and good public presentation ever enjoy good and healthy relation, benefits and wagess with PSO. On the other side inefficient employees, inactive and with bad features and qualities have to endure with jobs, unhealthy and bad relation with PSO. Policy plays a cardinal function.
There has to be a consistent policies, proper policies and strong policies.
Policies should be a decorative paperss
Policies should non be taken as stationary papers
It has to be dynamic, as to be invariably reviewed in footings of what is go oning in market topographic point and what modern twenty-four hours ‘s demands are.
Forcefully implement all policies.
PSO ever develop smooth relationships with employees by giving them equal chances and benefits.
Always advice directors on ER issues.
Negotiate with brotherhoods.
JUSTICE AND FAIR TREATMENT
PSO have a diverse work force, in footings of gender, personality, qualities, and communicating accomplishments. M Rana Idrees, Senior Executive at PSO said “ … But we have to confront favoritism factor because it ‘s natural. We ca n’t allow it travel. It ‘s natural! But the point is that how can we get the better of this job? So the solution to get the better of this disease is thataˆ¦ ” It is as follows:
Employees should concentrate on public presentation, do their best and give more end product.
Put the objectiveness component in the work alternatively of topic.
To follow all the companies policies.
Then the direction will non be able to know apart employees.
PSO dainty every bit to all employees. Deserving campaigners get
Power of Decision doing
Performance based wagess are offered to all employees on a annual footing. Additions in wages of meriting campaigners are given. PSO give equal chance to all employees to make justness by turn outing yourself. “ The deserving campaigners ” gets all the “ worth things ” so that ‘s a just intervention, which PSO ever give to all employees.
EMPLOYEE HEALTH AND SAFETY
PSO says that “ ” THEY ALWAYS CARE FOR EMPLOYEES ‘ HEALTH AND SAFETY ” and which is their first precedence that ‘s starts from the working environment. It is ever ensured at PSO that they provide the following installations to their employees
healthy working environment
Employees ‘ privateness rights.
Security of employees record
Work topographic point safety
In words of PSO senior executive, M Rana Idrees, said that this is their first duty to do certain that employees are in good wellness and status “ physically ” by supplying healthy nutrient and hygienic nutrient.
Employees can besides avail secondary school installation T in PSO. It will supply convenience by working out in private secondary school to acquire fresh.
PSO provides different activities and platform for their wellness and besides provide societal activities. Different forum organized athleticss and different activities which encourage employees to take part in it.
SICK LEAVE FACILITY:
A new employee of PSO met an accident when he was coming to work and interrupt his leg. PSO bearded all his infirmary disbursals plus gave him a ill leave instead than firing him. This shows that they care.