Malaysia agricultural countries in the state estimated to hold an country of aˆ‹aˆ‹6.6 Million hectares and rich with agribusiness harvest. Agribusiness is besides a beginning of income for people in Malaysia. Air conditioning and refrigerating system in agribusiness sector help a batch in this sector. Refrigerant and air conditioning system usage to keep the freshness and quality of the agribusiness merchandise in order to bring forth and provide to Malayan populace. The air conditioning and refrigerating system are of import in the development of agribusiness industry in Malaysia. Meanwhile, the addition development of agribusiness industry in Malaysia makes the application of air conditioning and refrigerating system go widely used due to agriculture sector. Air conditioning and refrigerating system utile for Marine activities, plantation, output harvest and farm animal regard to the map of the refrigerant and air conditioning system. Air conditioning ( A/C ) is a procedure by which air is cooled or heated, cleaned or filtered, and circulated or re-circulated. Air conditioning had a standard option in agribusiness industry for several procedure and air system. The system for agribusiness industry is fundamentally same to other industry in footings of the infrigidation rhythm system and the chief constituents such as compressor, capacitor, evaporator, boilers and air managing unit. This paper explains about the basic refrigerant and air conditioning system and the constituent involve in the system. Then, the application of refrigerant and air conditioning system used in Malaysia agribusiness industries besides discuss due to see job in this sector. After that, the map of the air conditioning and refrigerant besides give the broad position due to application in agribusiness industries. Furthermore, the air conditioning system development besides discussed. The benefit from this system besides defines for agribusiness sector.
Malaysia agricultural countries in the state estimated to hold an country of aˆ‹aˆ‹6.6 Million hectares and rich with agribusiness harvest. Agribusiness is besides a beginning of income for people in Malaysia. Labor force in Malaysia was estimation increased from twelvemonth to another twelvemonth. They involve in nutrient sub-sector and industrial trade goods. Agriculture Industrial trade goods sector is more to plantation activities such as palm oil, gum elastic, chocolate, wood and lumber, Piper nigrum and other plantation activities. This sector supplies the natural stuff to nutrient industry or consecutive supply to users. Then, other agribusiness sector is nutrient sub-sector. Food sub-sectors more to harvest, farm animal and piscaries activities. Almost harvest, farm animal and piscaries yield from farming demand to keep the freshness of the merchandise. The quality of agribusiness merchandise was decided by National Agriculture Policy ( NAP ) . Agriculture sector is alternate sector to fabricating sector during 1997 Asiatic Financial Crisis. Hence, agribusiness merchandise demand to more productive, efficient and competitively to increase production agricultural production including new beginning of growing with new find.
Air conditioning and refrigerant system in agribusiness sector help a batch in this sector. Refrigerant and air conditioning system usage to keep the freshness and quality of the agribusiness merchandise in order to bring forth and provide to Malaysian. Hence, it really of import to hold refrigerant and air conditioning system in agribusiness sector to increase the life span of the agribusiness merchandise and to bring forth high quality agricultural merchandise in Malaysia.
Air conditioning and refrigerant system used to chill and keep the temperature of merchandise and edifice environment. This system increase the efficiency to chilling and dehumidification comparison to the traditional manner. Therefore, air conditioning and refrigerating system give benefit in agribusiness sector and can be used widely. The standard utilizing of the air conditioning and refrigerant system for agricultural sector have difference due to the agribusiness harvest and any agriculture merchandise. The suited air conditioning and refrigerating system applied in agribusiness industry.
Refrigerating and Air conditioning System
Traditional Refrigerating and Air conditioning system may easy to trail out by new engineerings. The traditional system may non efficient and durable to keep chilling and refrigerant system.
Since 19th century, the basic refrigerating and air conditioning system non changes excessively much. Refrigerating and air conditioning work by compacting fluid and so let it to spread out. The compressive fluid was heat up the fluid, therefore heating its milieus. Then, it cool down by spread outing and spread the cool air to the environing it.
Then, infrigidation and air conditioning system should necessitate four constituent. That four constituent was compressor, condensor, enlargement valve ( metering device ) and evaporator. This constituent used widely in simplest or most complex infrigidation system.
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Figure: Refrigeration and Air Conditioning System
The compressor and condensor sit outside in an enclosure called the condensation unit. Meanwhile condensor is connect to the enlargement valve/device. The enlargement device which is mounted on the indoor spiral and located within the plenum of a furnace and blower.
Compressor used to increases the low refrigerant force per unit area gas and besides it temperature. High force per unit area gas ( refrigerating ) will distill quickly in the capacitor.
Capacitor: A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A
High temperatures of refrigerant go through the cold air across capacitor five and tubing by fan. It will ensue refrigerating become high force per unit area liquid without alteration the force per unit area.
FILTER DRIER: A A A A A A A A A
Filter used to take wet. The most ground is to avoid corrosion which leads to the terrible system failure. A A A
EXPANSION DEVICE: A
Expansion valve is a constituent that used to command refrigerating flow into the evaporator thereby commanding superheated air at the mercantile establishment of the evaporator.
EVAPORATOR: A A A A A A A A A A A
An evaporator used to vaporize liquid to gas by take downing the force per unit area until it boiling point. Since the evaporating temperature is lower than environing ; so air is seeking to chill.
Heating Ventilating Air Conditioning and Refrigeration ( HVACR ) system in Agriculture Industries
HVACR system in Malaysia agribusiness more directed to the storage of natural stuffs or storage of agricultural merchandises that do non last long. Among them are such as piscaries beginning, meat and veggies and fruit. Additionally, HVCAR besides used in farm animal agriculture sector. HVACR give benefit to Malaysia agribusiness industries to assist husbandmans increase the productiveness and more competitively.
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HVACR system used in Malaysia agribusiness
Imagine fishermen back to the breakwater at 4 or 5 in the forenoon with a batch of fish stocks. Without good refrigerant system the fish will be bad if non sold instantly. Refrigerant really of import for fisherman to hive away the fish. Without deep-freeze it will do uneconomical to the fisherman because fish freshness slice without proper storage and do non durable.
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Figure: Cold Storage
Fish are susceptible to nutrient spoilage. Particularly in tropical parts like Malaysia is comparatively high temperature. However, fish life can be extended with storage in a cold Storage. Even fish can be stored frozen for several months, until the fish can be thawed when needed and further processed by consumers. Stream of frozen nutrient concatenation or cold concatenation by and large consists of freeze, storage in a cold warehouse, transported by refrigerated autos, exhibited in the cold cabinet at the food market shop, finally stored in the electric refrigerator deep-freeze at place.
Other application used for agribusiness in Malaysia is multipurpose drier machine Fishery Products. This machine can dry merchandises such as seaweed, fish, crackers and anchovies. Even the Engineering has besides tried other merchandises such as chili and maize by utilizing a paradigm machine.
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Figure: Multipurpose drier machine
This machine map by control the humidness per centum and electric warmer merely work at certain temperature and the warmer control by detector. This machine besides produces cleanliness and it besides map to keep the temperature. These machines use HVACR system by refer to command wet, cleanliness, and keeping the temperature at any clip.
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Figure: Seaweed after procedure
Plantation and output harvest
Dumping of the output harvest in the market was doing the wasteful in agribusiness industries. Therefore, the Federal Agriculture Marketing Authority ( FAMA ) was presenting the “ Blast Freezer ” refrigerant system that allows the output of harvest can be used for a long clip since twelvemonth 2007. By utilizing this system, agriculture merchandise can widen the clip to damage. Furthermore, this system really suited used for storage the tropical fruit in a period clip. As illustration, durian can be used for a twelvemonth utilizing blast deep-freeze system as storage before export or used it for other activities. This system besides can utilize for livestock merchandise.
Presents, air conditioning systems besides apply in the farm animal coop or barn. This is avoid local occupant receive air pollution from the coop or barn. In old ages 2002, Tan Sri Mohd Isa Abdul Samad was declared that province authoritiess require all barns in Negeri Sembilan must put in air conditioning system in their barn. Air conditioning system can avoid air pollution job that produce from farm animal activities. Since air conditioning system can used to sublimate and cleanliness the air, the air pollution job can be countered.
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Figure: Barn with air conditioning system
In decision, warming, air outing, air conditioning and refrigerant ( HVACR ) system use widely in assorted sector. In agribusiness industries HVACR system give some benefit to users and besides to the local occupant. Then, by utilizing HVACR system the agribusiness merchandise will widen clip the merchandise to damage. The HVACR system supplies the chilling and warming energy. Then, HVACR systems besides condition the air. This system was able to heat and chilling, humidify or dehumidify, clean and sublimate the environing air. After that, it besides used to supply the learned poses that contain sufficient outdoor air to the learned infinite. Furthermore, HVACR system besides can command and keeping the temperature, humidness, cleanliness and other parametric quantities due to needed status. Then, the map of the HVACR system besides can utilize to treat the agribusiness natural stuff such as seaweed that was discussed earlier. Finally, HVACR system suited to use at any application that need to heating, air outing, air conditioning and refrigerating procedure.