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Study into Motivation and Job Satisfaction

Introduction

The universe has been altering into the planetary small town rather quickly since the beginning of twenty-first century. Gone are the yearss of dark ages when employers could work their workers by having maximal end product in exchange with no or terribly minimum wagess or inducements. In today ‘s universe, due to improved communicating webs, one can non maintain others in dark about their rights and organisations have to carry through their duties harmonizing to the planetary criterions. Similarly, the universe of cyberspace has enabled people to associate themselves with others through web sites. This new world is working towards the aim of making new sociological agreements within the context ofA civilization, and same is the instance with corporate civilization. After recognizing the force of fight in planetary markets and between single organisations, it has become truly indispensable for any organisation to do certain that it develops and maintain keeping a sort of forces that is dedicated and faithful with the organisation for an limitless clip.

The workers or employees who are happy and satisfied with the work that they are assigned to make, or by the civilization of the organisation sing dealingss with their employees finally feel motivated to go on their relationship with that organisation as a faithful, devoted, committed and talented work force. But many theoreticians feel that a great figure of employees do non hold this degree of occupation satisfaction that they can be taken as motivated towards accomplishing the ends of the organisation. Because of this unsated nature of the employees, they keep seeking for alternate occupation resources where they may be able to see a higher grade of occupation satisfaction. A high grade of occupation satisfaction shows high keeping rate and low turnover rate. In other words, turn over rate can be taken as a step of Job satisfaction degree of the employees in any organisation. The organisations that fail to retain their able and gifted work force and can non do them loyal to the organisational ends face jobs in intensifying their production degree and profitableness. Finck, Timmers and Mennes ( 1998 ) highlighted the job that the concern excellence can be achieved merely when employees are excited by what they do, i.e. the employees should be satisfied with their work and occupation conditions in order to accomplish high ends of an organisation.

Employee motive and its nexus to occupation satisfaction of employees has been a affair of survey for ages. Directors have to trust on their human resources to acquire things done and hence necessitate to cognize what factors would be most helpful for them in holding a work force that has a high degree of occupation satisfaction.

Making employees motivated is considered as a factor that has a power of doing workers satisfied with their occupations. But this is an understood fact that one can non straight motivate others ; one can merely make the conditions where people feel motivated themselves. Spector ( 2003 ) says that a figure of factors can assist in actuating people at work, some of which are touchable, such as money, and some of which are intangible, such as a sense of accomplishment. The achievement of any organisation greatly depends on the part of its labour force. This is besides said that such parts are triggered by those characteristics of people ‘s work environment that motivate them to give more stuff and rational energy into their work. In this manner the organisation ‘s aims are chased and accomplished. Motivation and occupation satisfaction are hence regarded as cardinal determiners of organisational success, both of which have an inter nexus between themselves. In order to hold a extremely productive and loyal work force, organisations strive to take steps that would make a feeling of satisfaction and good being in their workers.

But does it truly matter, or is it merely a common myth that the facet of motive does hold an influence on the occupation satisfaction degree of the employees. The purpose of this survey is to detect the relationship between motive and occupation satisfaction of employees and to authenticate it through statistical steps.

Aim of the Study / Research Motivation

As the subject of this survey suggests, the basic purpose of the survey is concerned specifically to look into the relationship between steps taken by the organisation to actuate employees and their overall impact on the occupation satisfaction degree of the employees.

The organisations need to hold a smooth line of production and concern maps on a consistent footing in order to be able to execute up to the grade in agreement with international criterions. For this intent they have to roll up, manage and retain proficient, good trained and optimally productive forces. The forces of an organisation drama an of import function in higher production and net income devising but the status is that they should be extremely dedicated, devoted and faithful to the aims of that organisation. But the staff can hold these features merely when they are satisfied with the work that they do and who are accordingly motivated to go on their relationship with the organisation.

A systematic apprehension of the nature and considerable causes of employee satisfaction and motive, will ease employers in doing the schemes to consequence the required positive alterations in motive plans of their organisation and finally to implement these plans to step frontward towards optimum employee dependability and keeping. Examples of such schemes may include choosing a figure of intrinsic and extrinsic wagess to hike employee motive and to acquire rid of certain of its human resource policies and patterns that can decelerate down the procedure of employee motive and their satisfaction degree.

A immense figure of researches have been conducted on employee motive, occupation satisfaction and their relationship with each other, every bit good as on a assortment of combinations thereof. After holding a thorough and deep scrutiny of historical surveies, the research worker of this survey became able to bring forth a job statement that is related to employee motive and occupation satisfaction.

In this respect, this survey aims to add to the already bing cognition about motive and occupation satisfaction and the deductions of these footings in organisational psychological science.

Some Theoretical Concepts About Motivation And Job Satisfaction

1.4 Problem Statement

Through a deep scrutiny of historical surveies, and after a thorough research on the bing literature, the research worker of this survey came to cognize about a strong impact of motive policies of the companies on the occupation satisfaction degrees of their employees. There are besides many surveies that show the relationship of these two facets with many other characteristics in an organisational civilization. Harmonizing to Watson ( 1994 ) concern in the modern-day epoch has realized that motivated and satisfied forces will demo an increased production degree and present end product strongly even to the bottom line. Schofield ( 1998 ) conducted a convincing survey in which he showed with certainty that the manner people are managed has a powerful impact on both productiveness and profitableness degrees of the organisation. This survey established the importance of occupation satisfaction, employee motive and committedness, and corporate civilization in organizational capableness and bounds.

By maintaining in head the bing literature about these two variables that are motive and occupation satisfaction, our job statement is that ;

“ Motivation techniques used by the organisations have an impact on the employees in hiking their morale and finally doing them satisfied with their occupations. ”

1.4.1 Research Question:

We can build the research inquiry as follows:

“ Whether there is a important relationship between employee motive and occupation satisfaction? ”

Our research hypothesis is:

Holmium: There is no important relationship between employee motive and occupation satisfaction.

1.4.2 Brief definitions of the employee motive and occupation satisfaction

Harmonizing to Seligman ( 1990 ) , MotivationA works as a drive force which is helpful for us to accomplish ends. Motivation can be classified in two broader classs ; one is intrinsic and the other is extrinsic. Harmonizing to assorted theories of motive, the significance of motive may be linked with the basic physical and psychological demands of the human existences. Basic physical demands can include hunger and safety demands and psychological demands may include desire of accomplishing an object or a specific end, it may be province of beingA ideal, or it may be recognized by less-apparent grounds such asA ” selflessness, A selfishness, A moralss, or avoidingA mortality ” ( Seligman,1990 ) . Harmonizing to Pinder ( 1998 ) , motive at work site may be regarded as “ a set of internal and external forces that initiate work-related behavior, and find its signifier, way, strength and continuance. ” The impression relates to the work environment peculiarly, and includes the influence of environmental forces every bit good as a individual ‘s built-in ideas on the work behavior of that individual. In the workplace, work motive is attributed as a conjectural construct that has to show itself in the signifier of noticeable and hence mensurable, behaviors.

Sempane, Rieger and Roodt ( 2002 ) hold that occupation satisfaction relates to people ‘s ain appraisal of their occupations against those affairs and concerns that are of import to them. Since sentiment and ideas are involved in such judgements, employees ‘ degrees of occupation satisfaction may impact well on their single, communal and work lives, and as such, besides manipulate their behavior at work.

1.5 Research Methodology

The research worker has adopted a quantitative attack to analyse and measure the information gathered by the topics. A quantitative research methodological analysis, as opposed to a qualitative attack, was selected for this research survey, for a figure of grounds. The first ground why the research worker has opted for quantitative research attack is that the research is based on depicting the constructs of motive and occupation satisfaction and relationship between them. The program of this survey is non about researching some new thought, but the intent is merely to understand significances of these variables and significance of their relationship with the aid of statistical steps.

The 2nd ground for taking quantitative attack is, as mentioned in the research job of the survey that the chief aim of the research is to look into relationship between two clearly defined variables, which calls for exact measuring of these variables, as they have been studied and perceived by a representative sample of the mark population of employees of a company. Finally, some restrictions environing easiness, handiness, clip and cost besides influenced the determination to follow a quantitative research attack.

The usage of a study research technique was preferred by the research worker, in which two questionnaires were built names as Motivation Questionnaire and Job Satisfaction Questionnaire were constructed in order to obtain the needed information. This attack was considered more convenient, every bit good as more time- and cost-efficient than a qualitative attack.

Population: The population of this survey was the work force of Motherson Sumi Systems Limited. The intent for following the employees of this company as the population for our research survey is that this is a immense company that takes pride in retaining their employees for good. The quotation mark about the work force of the company given on the web site of this company is as follows “ We atA Samvardhana MothersonA believe that our success as an organisation depends on the corporate abilities and committedness of our people. A force which is our most valued plus -A our nucleus strength. ”

So the basic intent to take this company was to measure whether the people at Motherson Sumi Systems are truly satisfied with their occupations and whether this occupation satisfaction is a consequence of motive techniques that are being implied by the company.

Sample Size: Sample size for the survey was 150 employees working in the caput office of the company.

Data Collection Method: The information is collected through study method. Two questionnaires were constructed for this intent. First questionnaire named as Motivation Questionnaire comprised of inquiries about the intrinsic and extrinsic wagess that are the portion of employee motive program of the company. Second Questionnaire was about the determiners of occupation satisfaction that had to depict the occupation satisfaction degree that employees are carry throughing as a consequence of the employee motive techniques being implied by the company.

Datas Analysis

As in this research survey, we have to demo the relationship between the two variables i.e. motive techniques and occupation satisfaction of employees ; we have constructed a additive arrested development theoretical account that is to be applied to analyse the information. The correlativity between these two variables is analyzed utilizing the package SPSS 17. The other information gathered from the questionnaires is analyzed by descriptive statistics method utilizing SPSS 17. The consequences are shown in the signifier of cross tabular arraies and frequences.

Scope of Research

The range of this research is limited to the motive theory presented by Frederick Herzberg. The Two-Factor theory of Herzberg distinguishes between Incentives and Hygiene Factors. Harmonizing to Herzberg ( 1959 ) incentives are the characteristics that give positive satisfaction to the employees, “ originating from the intrinsic conditions of the occupation itself, such as Growth and accomplishment, Recognition, Work itself, and Responsibility ” . Intrinsic conditions are the conditions that come from inside an person instead than from any external or outside wagess, such as money or classs. Hygiene factors are those facets of a occupation, the absence of which would ensue in dissatisfaction, but it does non needfully intend that the employees are satisfied because of these characteristics of their occupations. The hygiene factors include, pay, working conditions, supervisors, company policies and periphery benefits given by the company. Our research is based on incentives and hygiene factors, or need theories of motive, in a broader sense. It does non take into history the cognitive or reinforcement theories of motive.

Second, the lone factor that is considered to hold an influence on the occupation satisfaction of employees is taken as motive techniques merely. Our research does non see other factors that can be influential towards occupation satisfaction. These factors can be corporate civilization of the organisation or they may be demographic factors such as age, instruction, gender, ethnicity etc.

Besides, the population for our survey is the employees of a company merely, from which the sample is chosen by the convenient sampling technique ; although the consequences can be generalized on other companies and organisations every bit good.

Structure of the Research Report

The balance of the thesis is structured as follows:

Chapter 2 of our research study discusses the bing literature related to our subject that is, relationships between employee motive and occupation satisfaction. In chapter 3 of the research study, ResearchA Methodology of the undertaking is given. Chapter 4 comprises of analysis and reading of consequences after digest of informations that was gathered through study. Chapter5 consists of findings, recommendations and decision of our research study.

Chapter sum-up

This chapter has provided a brief debut to, and overview of the research survey. The background of the survey its importance and purpose is discussed in this chapter. The foundations of the survey are set, and the variables that are traveling to be discussed in this survey have been defined by agencies of mention to the literature. The chapter was concluded by a description of methodological analysis and restrictions of the survey. In Chapter 2 the theory sing the rudimentss of the footings employed in subject are presented and discussed and a reappraisal of related literature is besides given in chapter 2 of this survey.

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