Socrates was one of the most relevant figures in doctrine. His influence in this field of subject was so extended that every philosopher who came after him followed in his footfall. Though the history of doctrine considers Socrates as a cardinal figure. there were lesser known but every bit of import philosophers who came before him. These persons are known as Presocratic philosophers. Now the doctrine before the clip of Socrates and the doctrine that Socrates influenced shared similarities and differences.
This essay seeks to discourse what makes these doctrines likewise and what sets them apart. What was the presocratic tradition all about? What was its capable affair? To decently depict the presocratic tradition. there are several subjects to see. First. this tradition deviates from mythology and faith ( Soccio 62 ) . During the Grecian civilisation. the cognition of the people was founded on either mythology or faith. The replies to their enquiries were provided for them by the narratives of Gods and goddesses. Presocratic tradition relies on neither mythology nor faith.
Second. its chief preoccupations are nature and the universe ( Soccio 63-64 ) . The minds before the clip of Socrates were non satisfied with what was already established about how nature was or how the universe worked. Alternatively. they posed their ain inquiries on the workings of nature and the existence. Third. the presocratic tradition used ground in their accounts behind the ways of nature and the universe ( Soccio 64 ) . Prior to the outgrowth of these minds. the lone accounts available were those which were fabulous or spiritual in nature.
As was earlier stated. the presocratic tradition deviated from mythology and faith. This divergence is due to the penchant for rational probe. The presocratic minds attempted to verify their positions with ground ( Soccio 64 ) . These three subjects define what the presocratic tradition was approximately. There were many minds who were portion of the presocratic tradition. Three of these minds were Thales. Heraclitus and Anaxagoras ( Soccio 64 ) . All three pre-Socratics were preoccupied with detecting the ways of the universe with the usage of ground instead than mythology and faith.
Thales was the first important presocratic mind in history. He upheld the belief that H2O was the component behind all things. For Thales. every individual thing in the universe was created with H2O. He simplified the complex workings of the universe into a individual substance—water ( Soccio 65 ) . The decision that Thales had arrived at was non based on spiritual guess or fabulous givens. Alternatively. he created a rational account for what he observed in nature ( Soccio 65 ) . Just like Thales. Heraclitus besides inquired about the universe and the component which kept it together.
If Thales believed it was H2O. Heraclitus thought it was “Logos” ( Soccio 67 ) . “Logos” is non really an element per Se ; it was more of a rule. The word “Logos” itself has several significances. but Heraclitus affirmed that it is the jurisprudence which maintains everything and is contained in everything ( Soccio 68 ) . The Heraclitean “Logos” is the 1 responsible for the universe order ( Soccio 68 ) . Last. Anaxagoras continues the tradition of the two aforementioned minds by continuing with the enquiry about the universe.
If Heraclitus believed that it was ‘Logos” which dictated the order of the universe. for Anaxagoras it was “Nous” ( Soccio 73 ) . “Nous” is non an component. rule or procedure. It is defined as the Mind which sets the form of the existence. This “Nous” influences the things of the universe without being contained in them ( Soccio 73 ) . The presocratic tradition is different from Socratic doctrine. It is through the differences between the two in which Socratic doctrine can be defined. The pre-Socratics were interested on cosmology—the causes behind the workings of the universe ( Soccio 63 ) .
They investigated on nature and the universe. Meanwhile. Socratic doctrine is non limited to cosmology. Socrates himself did non compose anything. and his instructions were merely reflected through the plants of other minds ( King 23 ) . One of those minds. and the most influential Socratic philosopher. was Plato. Socratic doctrine is interested in a broad scope of philosophical subjects. which include epistemology. moralss and metaphysics ( King 24 ) . The metaphysical influence of Socrates is apparent in Plato’s theory of Forms ( Kraut ) .
Another difference between the presocratic tradition and Socratic doctrine is attack. Presocratic minds did non hold a specific attack to doctrine. Initially. they were more concerned with capable affair instead than method ( Soccio 63 ) . On the contrary. Socrates is recognized for his attack or method. It was Socrates who started the procedure of cross-examination or elenchus ; this is popularly known as the Socratic Method ( King 23 ) . This procedure does non leave cognition ; it includes a system of inquiries which shortly reveal what a individual truly knows.
Plato followed this method. as most of his plants were duologues which feature Socrates ( King 24 ) . Just like Socrates. Plato believes that cognition is non acquired. but merely recollected ( King 24 ) . The presocratic minds and the Socratics besides portion similarities. For case. how make these people count as philosophers? The reply is the same for both. They are philosophers because they were dedicated to seek the replies for inquiries about nature. the universe or life in general.
A philosopher is non distinguished for his wisdom ; instead. he is defined by his love for it ( Soccio 63 ) . A philosopher is a mind who seeks out the truth ; he devotes his energy in probes and observations which would convey him closer to the truth. Presocratic minds. Socrates and the other Socratics are similar in this history. as they all love wisdom and inquire about the truth. Another similarity between the presocratic minds and the Socratics is rational discourse. All these minds support their statements with ground.
Rational discourse necessitates the usage of ground in set uping positions on world so that it could be decently verified ( Soccio 65 ) . It is a fact that Socrates had a monumental influence on doctrine. However. that does non intend that pre-Socratics have a lesser function in the development of doctrine. The function of Socrates in the history of doctrine is merely every bit of import as the minds that came before him. Between the presocratic tradition and the Socratic attack. there are more differences than similarities. Regardless. both of these have made singular parts to philosophy in general.